In Colombia, authorities recently arrested a fugitive right-wing militia commander in a suburb of Bogota. Arnolfo Santamaria Galindo faces charges in connection with 2,500 murders.
Between 2003 and 2006, more than 30,000 militia members were de-mobilized as part of a peace process with the government, but many others refused to lay down their arms.
Human Rights Watch has said that the de-mobilization has been flawed and that violent new successor groups, which count thousands of members in their ranks, operate in three-quarters of Colombia’s departments.
In conjunction with photographer Stephen Ferry, Human Rights Watch profiles three men who have received death threats — a lawyer, a doctor whose father was murdered and a journalist who writes about the paramilitary groups.