Ten years ago, extremists in Dagestan declared a holy war against the Russian government. Fighters in the northern Caucasian republic sought to establish an Islamic state.
Over the past decade, their struggle has continued, drawing in Islamist fighters from across the region. Russia has been accused of a heavy-handed response to the insurgency.
Neave Barker of Al Jazeera English reports on the low-level rebellion from Dagestan.